Vondehi is an in-memory unpacker for data compressed with gzip or xz (or xz in LZMA1-mode). It basically performs these steps:

  1. Set up a memfd using the memfd_create syscall. This file descriptor works like a regular file, except the backing storage is RAM.
  2. Fork, pipe the payload data to zcat or xzcat, which outputs everything to the memfd from step 1.
  3. Run execveat on the memfd.

Of course, the code itself is hand-optimized x86 assembly, and is very crazy.